Sept. 14, 1923: Dempsey vs Firpo

After a full century it may be difficult to appreciate the impact of the legendary Dempsey vs Firpo fight and how it transformed the public image of heavyweight king Jack Dempsey, aka The Manassa Mauler. This is because many forget how Dempsey was in fact a rather unpopular figure for most of his championship reign. The all-American celebrity version of Dempsey, likable and endearing, did not emerge until the later years of the great champion’s career.

Before his legendary battle with Firpo, Dempsey’s fame, not to mention the huge gates at his fights, had as much to do with scandal and the dark side of human nature as it did with the popularity of boxing. After winning the world title in 1919, Dempsey was sued for divorce by Maxine Cates, a woman of less than high moral standing, to put it mildly, whom Jack had married during the time when he was riding the rails, fighting in bars and living in hobo camps and whorehouses. The trial and its revelations became a full-blown scandal as it not only brought to light Dempsey’s squalid background, but strongly suggested that the heavyweight champion of the world had perhaps not fully deserved his deferment to avoid the military draft during World War I.

Jack Dempsey
Jack Dempsey

Thus Dempsey became the ‘bad guy’ and wily promoter Tex Rickard took full advantage, most notably in Jack’s bout with French war hero Georges Carpentier. That clash between good and evil created the first million dollar gate but did nothing to rehabilitate the heavyweight champion’s image. For three solid years Jack Dempsey, while without question the biggest name in American sports, had to endure the disapproval of the general public, not to mention taunts of “Slacker!” everywhere he went. That changed after his life-and-death brawl with Luis Firpo.

No one questioned Firpo as a legitimate challenger to Dempsey, though few gave him a chance to win. Big and tough, the Argentinian strongman had defeated Jess Willard and Gunboat Smith, among others, to establish himself as a top contender. Eighty thousand packed the Polo Grounds to witness Dempsey’s fifth title defense and after the referee had delivered his instructions and the fighters had removed their towels and robes, the crowd immediately saw the difference in size between the two men. Firpo outweighed the champion by 25 pounds and had a far bigger upper body. Some wondered if Dempsey might finally have a serious challenge on his hands.

Luis Firpo aka The Wild Bull of the Pampas

At the bell, the champion attacked. He missed a wild left and Firpo, retreating in the face of Dempsey’s assault, countered with a right that landed flush and dropped Dempsey to one knee. The huge crowd roared, rising as one; no one would sit down again until the ferocious battle had ended.

Dempsey lurched to his feet and the two warriors collided again in ring center, muscling each other in close before finding punching room and letting loose with wild haymakers, both men connecting. Twenty seconds in, Dempsey landed his potent left, and the hook sent Firpo to the canvas. The challenger scrambled up and they immediately took up where they left off, grappling and pounding, every blow thrown with intent to render the other man unconscious, the massive crowd going berserk as the fighters mauled and wrestled and punched away.

Firpo down again.

Firpo, while bigger and perhaps stronger, lacked Dempsey’s agility and footwork and this proved key in the knockdowns the champion scored. While attacking and firing with both fists, Dempsey continually whirled and spun, turning Firpo in the clinches and then striking while the challenger was off-balance. Dempsey’s vicious body attack also factored in, with two of the knockdowns courtesy of hard shots to Firpo’s belly. Seven times the challenger hit the canvas and more than once it appeared certain he was finished, but the stubborn “Wild Bull of the Pampas” kept getting up and battling back, despite the fact Dempsey was allowed to hover after each knockdown and strike Firpo the second his gloves left the canvas.

Amazingly, after the seventh knockdown, and with less than a minute left in the round, Firpo somehow gathered himself and launched a ferocious counterattack that almost ended the fight. To everyone’s astonishment he put Dempsey on the run with a volley of powerful rights, driving the champion to the ropes where a final right hand clout detonated on Jack’s jaw and propelled him out of the ring. Few could believe what they were seeing as Dempsey, his feet high in the air, landed on his back in the press section. For a shocking moment, it appeared that Firpo, who seconds ago was picking himself up off the floor, would triumph.

Dempsey Through the Ropes: The famous George Bellows painting.

At this time there existed no aprons on boxing rings and Dempsey fell directly onto the table of the ringside press. Several reporters tried to push him back through the ropes, frantically working to get him off their typewriters so they could continue recording what was taking place. Back in the ring and on his feet, a dazed Dempsey backpedaled as Firpo resumed his attack. The Argentinian desperately hammered away with his right, but the champion survived and, amazingly, returned fire with two hard rights of his own just before the bell finally rang.

In their corners, both battlers were suffering the effects of perhaps the wildest round in ring history. Legend has it that a stunned Dempsey, sitting on his stool, was virtually catatonic until Jack Kearns found the smelling salts and put them under the champion’s nose. Dempsey blinked and looked at his handlers, who were frantically slapping him and dousing him with water, and asked, “What round was I knocked out in?”

Dempsey struggles to get back in the ring.

But as the bell for round two echoed in the New York night, it was soon evident that it was Firpo, not Dempsey, who was about to be knocked out. The Wild Bull’s legs appeared barely strong enough to support his weight and his punches were powerless. The champion quickly had Firpo on the defensive and a volley of left hooks put the challenger down for the eighth time. The game Argentinian warrior climbed to his feet yet again and tried one last right hand swing before Dempsey struck with a sharp one-two, the final punch a right to the jaw as Firpo was already going down. The gallant challenger resembled a man having an afternoon nap as he slowly rolled over onto his back; this time he could not rise.

While barely four minutes long, the brief but electrifying brawl had provided more thrills than all of Jack’s previous title defenses put together. And the shock of seeing the heavyweight king pounded through the ropes left a huge impression, winning “The Manassa Mauler” new respect. For years he had been the invincible champion no one could relate to or care about, especially after the scandal of his divorce and the accusations of his being a draft dodger. But seeing him come so close to defeat made him human again.

The final knockdown.
The final knockdown.

For the next three years Dempsey burnished that more appealing image as he stayed out of the prize ring and instead became a full-time celebrity, appearing in various exhibitions, stage plays and movies, and then marrying gorgeous film star Estelle Taylor. He was more popular than ever by the time he finally fought again in 1926, and in fact his defeats to Gene Tunney only served to endear him all the more to an American public which could not relate to the aloof new champion. And by the time Dempsey retired in 1928 he had become not just a star of boxing and the “Roaring Twenties,” but an icon of Americana.             – Michael Carbert

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3 thoughts on “Sept. 14, 1923: Dempsey vs Firpo

  • April 8, 2018 at 4:37 pm

    Wish I were there. From all the events in the whole history of sports, this was the best.

  • November 18, 2018 at 3:31 pm

    It was more a street fight, with a poor referee and Dempsey hovering over Firpo and not allowing him to get up. Plus he was helped back into the ring by reporters while the ref gave him a slow count. They should have done a rematch.

  • January 30, 2022 at 7:15 pm

    The greatest moment in 20th century sports. Dempsey knocked out of the ring and pushed back in by ringside reporters in nine seconds. Other time pieces clocked 14 seconds, but the ref let the fight continue.


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